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Umonakalo we-oyile ye-transformer seepage kunye neendlela zayo zonyango

1. Ukuvuza kweoli ye-transformer akuyi kuchaphazela kakhulu ukubonakala, kodwa kubangele ukulahlekelwa kwezoqoqosho kuba i-transformer kufuneka ivalwe ukuze isuse ukuvuza. Ukuba kukho amabala amaninzi e-oyile kwisiseko somhlaba we-transformer, ingaba yingozi yomlilo.


1. Iingozi ezithile zokuvuza kweoli ye-transformer

 

 

1. Ukuvuza kweoli ye-transformer akuyi kuchaphazela kakhulu ukubonakala, kodwa kubangele ukulahlekelwa kwezoqoqosho kuba i-transformer kufuneka ivalwe ukuze isuse ukuvuza. Ukuba kukho amabala amaninzi e-oyile kwisiseko somhlaba we-transformer, ingaba yingozi yomlilo.

 

 

 

2. Ukuvuza kwe-oyile kuya kuphazamisana ngokunzulu nokubekw' esweni komsebenzi kunye nokugcinwa kwabasebenzi kunye nesigwebo semeko yokutywinwa kwisilondolozi se-oyile ye-oyile kunye nokuchaneka kwesalathiso somgangatho we-oyile.

 

 

 

3. Emva kokuba inqanaba le-oyile lithotyiwe ngenxa yokuvuza, izihlanganisi eziphilayo kunye neeswitshi zinokusebenza ngaphandle kokugqunywa kwe-oyile, okunokukhokelela ekuqhekekeni, ukujikeleza okufutshane, ukutshisa, kunye nokuqhuma kwezixhobo.

 

 

 

4. Emva kokuba i-oyile ivuza i-transformer, i-transformer etywinwe ngokupheleleyo iya kulahlekelwa yimeko yokutywinwa kwayo, eya kwenza lula ukuba i-oil-paper insulation ihlupheke ngokungena komoya wangaphandle kunye nomswakama, oya kunciphisa ukusebenza kwe-insulation, ukukhawuleza ukuguga kwe-insulation. , kwaye ichaphazela ukusebenza okukhuselekileyo nokuthembekileyo kwe-transformer.

 

 

 

5. Ukongeza, xa kukho umonakalo kwitywina phezulu kwisilondolozi seoli, njengeplagi yokuphuma kwegazi kunye nentloko ye-conductive ye-bushing, okanye xa kukho amadyunguza phezu kwe-oyile kunye nemibhobho edibeneyo, nokuba ukuvuza kwe-oyile kungenzeki ngenxa yesikhundla esiphezulu, Nangona kunjalo, amanzi emvula kunye nokufuma kunokungena, okubangela ukuwohloka kokusebenza kokugquma, kunye nokuqhekeka kwe-insulation kunye neengozi zokudinwa.

 

 

 

2. Amanyathelo okulawula ukuvuza kweoli ye-transformer

 

Ngaphambi kokujongana nokuvuza kweoli, uhlalutyo olucokisekileyo kufuneka lwenziwe ukufumanisa isizathu sokuvuza kunye neyona ndawo yokuvuza. Kwimichiza yeoli ekhoyo, okokuqala uhlambulule nge-detergent, uhlambulule ngamanzi acocekileyo, kwaye ekugqibeleni usule ngokuphindaphindiweyo ngelaphu elicocekileyo ukuze ufumane indawo echanekileyo yendawo yokuvuza.

 

①. Sebenzisa i-welding ukunyanga ukuvuza kweoli ye-transformer

 

Xa ukuvuza kweoli kufunyenwe kwindawo ephezulu ye-tank ye-transformer, kuphela inani elincinci leoli linokuthi likhutshwe kwi-welding; xa ukuvuza kufunyenwe kwindawo engezantsi yetanki yeoli, ngenxa yenkunkuma enkulu yokukhutshwa kweoli ukusuka kwisiseko sokuxhoma kunye nokukhawulelana kweemeko zesayithi, i-oil welding ingasetyenziswa. Ukulungiswa kwe-welding ngeoli kufuneka kuqhutywe phantsi kweemeko zokuvuza kweoli ayibalulekanga, ngaphandle koko, indlela yokucoca kunye ne-oyile yokukhutshwa kufuneka isetyenziswe ukubangela uxinzelelo olubi ngaphambi kokuba i-welding. Ngexesha lokulungiswa kwe-welding, i-oyile ye-oyile kwi-welding part kufuneka isuswe, ngokukhethekileyo ihlanjululwe ngamanzi e-alkaline kwaye isule yomile; ngexesha lenkqubo ye-welding, ingqalelo kufuneka ihlawulwe ukukhusela ukungena kunye nomlilo, kwaye inxalenye ye-welding kufuneka ibe ngaphantsi kwezinga leoli; Ukuqhubela phambili kunye nokukhawuleza kwendawo ye-welding, ixesha le-arcing kufuneka lilawulwe ngaphakathi kwe-10 ukuya kwi-20s, kwaye i-welding yexesha elide eqhubekayo ayivumelekanga ngokupheleleyo.

 

Xa ulungisa ama-pores ngokuvuza okukhulu kweoli, inokuvinjwa okanye ikhutshwe ngocingo lwentsimbi phambi kwe-welding; xa udibanisa kufuphi ne-rubber gasket yokutywinwa okanye ezinye iindawo ezisengozini, amanyathelo okupholisa kunye nokukhusela kufuneka athathwe.

 

Abanye abasebenzisi be-intanethi ngokubanzi bakholelwa ukuba umzimba we-transformer kunye nezixhobo zivuza ioyile, kwaye umbindi we-transformer kufuneka uphakanyiswe kwaye ucocwe ngeoyile ngaphambi kokuba udibanise. Nangona le ndlela ikhuselekile, ithatha ixesha kwaye ifuna umsebenzi, kwaye iya kuchaphazela ukusetyenziswa kombane.

Abanye abantu bayesaba ukubangela ukuba ioli ye-transformer ibambe umlilo kwaye ibangele umlilo. Enyanisweni, oku kukhathazeka akuyomfuneko. Ioli idinga ukuba neemeko ezithile, ubushushu kunye neoksijini ukutshisa. Nangona kunjalo, xa i-welding kumzimba we-transformer ngeoli, ioli ifudumala nge-convection. , iya kulahlekelwa ukushisa ngokukhawuleza, kwaye akukho oksijini kwi-tank ye-fuel, ngoko i-transformer ene-oil ukuvuza ukulungiswa ayiyi kutshisa. Nangona kunjalo, i-oyile evuzayo kulula ukutshisa, kwaye ukuhamba komoya okwenziwa kukutsha kwenza kube nzima ukuba isisombululo se-electrode siwele kwiintanda, okubangela ukuba kube nzima ukuwelda.

 

Ngaba le ngxaki inokusonjululwa? Oku kulandelayo sazisa indlela ethile yokulungisa ukuvuza kweoyile ye-transformer:

 

(1) Ngokweempawu zokutshisa ukushisa ngokukhawuleza xa kulungiswa ngeoli, sebenzisa i-arc welding ukulungiswa, kwaye ungasebenzisi i-gas welding.

(2) Ukuze kuthintelwe ukuvuza kweoyile kunye negesi ekuthinteleni ukuwelda, iindawo ezivuzayo zinokuvalwa ngentambo ye-asbestos okanye ezinye iintambo ezithambileyo phambi kwe-welding. Kwimibhobho emikhulu yokuvuza, inokudityaniswa inxalenye ngenxalenye, kwaye xa ukuvuza kweoli kuncitshiswe kwinqanaba elinye, intambo ye-asbestos isetyenziselwa ukuvimba i-welding. Ukuba i-oyile ivuza emzimbeni, ungasebenzisa isando ukuyijija kancinci, ujije izibuko elivuzayo life, emva koko ulidibanise.

 

(3) Isantya sewelding kufuneka sikhawuleze. Kwizikhewu ezinkulu zokuvuza kweoli, kukulungele ukumisa i-welding ixesha elithile, kwaye ixesha le-welding akufanele lidlule imizuzwana engama-20 ngexesha ngalinye. Ukuphinda uthengise kwakhona imizuzu embalwa, ukuvumela ioli ukuba iphole okwethutyana.

(4) Ukuba indawo yokuvuza kweoyile ayicacanga, kodwa kukho into encinci yokuvuza kweoyile, ungasebenzisa isepha ukulungisa okwethutyana ukuvuza. Indlela yokuthambisa isepha ngamanzi, kwaye emva koko uyisebenzise emva naphambili kwindawo yokuvuza kweoli amaxesha amaninzi. Le ndlela ngumlinganiselo wexeshana kuphela, linda ithuba lokudibanisa kunye nokulungisa ukuvuza. Kodwa kukho into enye yokunikela ingqalelo. Ngaphambi kwe-welding, umbane kufuneka unqunyulwe. Emva kokuqinisekisa ukuba akukho mandla, i-oil filling hole screw kwi-oyile pillow kufuneka ivulwe ukuvumela umoya ukuba ujikeleze. Kwakhona lungiselela izixhobo zokucima umlilo ezifana nesanti kunye nezinto zokucima umlilo, ukuba kunokwenzeka.

 

② Faka indawo yesitywina ukunyanga ukuvuza kweoyile kwisiguquli

 

Ummandla ojongene noxinzelelo lwerubha yokutywina kufuneka ulungelelaniswe namandla e-screw, ngaphandle koko kuya kuba nzima ukucinezela; xa utshintsha i-rubber yokutywinwa kweplagi yeoli, iivalve kunye neziteshi kwindawo nganye yokungena yecandelo kufuneka zivaliwe, kwaye uxinzelelo olubi kufuneka lugcinwe kude kube yimali eninzi yeoli. Iimpawu kufuneka zibe nokuchasana kweoli kunye neempawu zokuguga, i-elasticity enhle kunye neempawu zomatshini, kunye nezixhobo zokutywinwa kufuneka zigweme ukusetyenziswa kwe-asbestos ukupakisha kunye ne-cork pads kangangoko kunokwenzeka.


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